Aivazovsky National Art Gallery Feodosia
The Aivazovsky National Art Gallery is a national art museum in Feodosia, Crimea. In 1845, Ivan Aivazovsky acquired a plot in the outskirts of Feodosiya, on the very seashore. He decided to build a house with a big art studio and dreamed to establish a school of painting there. The same year, 1845, the first exhibition comprising 49 works was opened in a part of the house.
In his new Feodosiya studio Aivazovsky created one painting by another. He painted seascapes of Italy, Constantinople, Odessa, Sevastopol, and a huge number of paintings devoted to the Crimea and the Black Sea, the Crimean War of 1853 to 1856 and the glorious Siege of Sevastopol of 1854 and 1855.
The Art Gallery in Feodosiya was the first one-painter museum in the Russian Empire and has grown very famous even in Aivazovsky’s lifetime. Besides the fact that unique pictorial canvases were exhibited here, prominent musician and actors – marine painter’s friends – performed on the stage specially mounted in the gallery. In the late 19th century Aivazovsky’s museum became a center of the Feodosiya’s pictorial, musical and theatrical art.
Since 1922, the gallery became a state museum in the USSR. The collection consists of about 12 thousand nautical theme works, including the world’s largest collection of works by Ivan Aivazovsky himself (417 paintings). The gallery exposition introduces the works of Aivazovsky, his family history, and the history of the gallery. A separate building (artist’s sister house) presents mythological and biblical paintings, foreign marine paintings of the 18th-19th centuries, and the Cimmerian school of painting including Maximilian Voloshin, Lev Lagorio, Konstantin Bogaevsky, Mikhail Lattry, Adolf Faessler, and Arkhip Kuindzhi.
In 1930 a monument to Aivazovsky, by Ilya Ginzburg, with the inscription “Feodosia to Aivazovsky” was erected in front of the main building.
2, Galereyna St, Feodosiya
10.00–17.00 (July–August 10.00–20.00); Tuesday 10.00–14.00. Closed Wednesday.
Aivazovsky National Art Gallery Feodosia | paintings in chronological order
1826 – 1850
1851 – 1875
1876 – 1900